Hard pimples can be painful and long-lasting. They are some of the most difficult kinds of pimple to get rid of.
Most types of pimples form when dead skin cells, oils, or bacteria block a pore. Hard pimples, such as nodules or cysts, are often deeper and more inflamed.
In this article, we talk about how to treat and prevent hard pimples. We also look at different types of pimples and their causes.
Hard pimples can be more difficult to remove than other kinds, as they tend to be larger and deeper. They are often blind pimples, which means they do not have a head.
Depending on the severity of a pimple, a person may be able to treat it at home; sometimes a pimple requires medical treatment.
To treat a hard pimple at home, a person can use the following methods:
Creams and ointments. The American Academy of Dermatology recommend over-the-counter creams that contain benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and sulfur.
Warm compress. A warm compress can soften the spot, allowing pus to come to the surface. It can help also help a blind pimple come to a head.
Ice packs. Using an ice pack is a good way to reduce inflammation and pain. Ice may be especially effective for hard pimples, such as nodules and cysts.
Cleansers. Some studies have found non-soap cleansers to be better at treating acne than traditional soap.
Tea tree oil. A study from 2007 suggested that, compared to a placebo, tea tree oil was 3.5 times more effective in reducing the number of acne lesions and 5.75 times more effective at reducing the severity of an outbreak.
Vitamin-based creams. The data on how well these products work is not conclusive, and the concentrations of active ingredients, such as retinol or zinc, can vary between products.
Some studies suggest that there may be a link between gastrointestinal (GI) health, acne, and depression or anxiety. The researchers suggest that taking probiotics may help.
Popping pimples at home should be avoided, especially when they are hard, deep pimples. Attempts to do this can:
make a pimple larger
push pus and dirt deeper into the pore
increase the risk of infection
result in scarring
If a hard pimple is causing distress, a doctor can remove it safely and effectively. They may be able to drain it, or for deeper pimples, they may use a corticosteroid injection.
Acne is typically caused by the skin producing excess oils and is not directly caused by poor hygiene.
However, keeping the skin and hair clean can reduce outbreaks and prevent all kinds of pimples from developing.
Regular washing. Use a gentle cleanser to keep the pores open, prevent build-up of dead skin cells, and help keep bacteria at bay.
Wash hair regularly. Regular washing is especially important if hair is naturally oily. Keeping hair away from the skin on the face can help reduce the frequency and severity of pimples.
Avoid touching the face. Frequent touching can spread dirt or oil and cause flare-ups.
Choose products carefully. Always read the labels on make-up and facial products, opting for gentle, oil-free brands. These are sometimes called noncomedogenic.