Male who are sexually active have limited options when it comes to controlling their fertility these options include vasectomy, condom and coitus interruptus.
These birth control pills have their major shortcomings
The condom is cumbersome, coitus interruptus is not reliable while vasectomy needs another surgery to reverse.
Every now and then, headlines appear suggesting a new male contraceptive is around the corner. Yet none ever materialized.
A new male birth control pill passed the test for safety and tolerability when used by healthy men daily for 30 days period.
The study results which was presented at the Endocrine Society’s annual meeting in New Orleans. indicate that 11-beta-methyl-19-nortestosterone dodecylcarbonate or 11-beta-MNTDC male oral contraceptive decreased sperm production while preserving libido.
The experimental male oral contraceptive is a modified testosterone that has the combined actions of a male hormone (androgen) and progesterone.
While the pill for men certainly is not coming to the pharmacy anytime soon, there is a reason for hope as several promising products are making their way through clinical trials.
1) A topical gel that is effective in blocking sperm production.
2) hormonal pill contraceptive.
3) Nonsurgical vasectomy.
It is essential to understand why discoveries in this arena have been lacking for so long.
“The male produces hundreds of millions of sperms daily, and when the ejaculate comes out, there is 250 million sperm,” said Michael Skinner, a reproductive biologist who studies male contraceptives at Washington State University. “We could probably get away with a tenth of that and still be fertile.”
Women, by contrast, produce one or two eggs a month. Shutting down the male system while keeping men healthy is a daunting task.
Also, the need for female contraceptives has been greater historically because pregnancy and childbirth can be dangerous, even life-threatening.
Male contraceptives also need to be safe and effective as the options available to women.
Given the culture, traditions, and myth in a country like Nigeria, it will be difficult for the acceptability of male contraceptives.